Spatial Composition in Design

Spatial composition means using the available space in order to create the desired environment and convey the mood that the owner or builders picture. It is important for designers to know the space they are designing and to incorporate the size and proportionality into the design of the space. If a room is large, and the owner desires a look of power, then an interior designer would want to use items that enhance the size of the ceiling, floor, and room.

Determining the spatial composition of a project is the first step before designing the area. Designers must know the space which they are working with in order to create a desired look or need for the space. There are numerous example of how designers have used the space they are provided to produce specific affects - from the combination of structural elements to use of empty space.

College Campuses - Many colleges are very large. This creates problems concerning safety for those using the campus. Dark areas or corners can be areas of concern for those worried of being robbed or worse. Crime on a campus can reduce the quality of life and the health of those that live there. By understanding how architectural design and landscape design affects people's feelings of safety, designers can create more comfortable spaces that may ultimately be less prone to crime.

Building Density - Studies show that people can discern small differences in building size. However, perception of size can be altered. People determine the size of a space by comparing it to items within the given space. By designing a space with objects that give off a certain perception, designers can significantly change the way people discern the size of a space.

Skate Parks - Many communities are creating more skateboarding parks as a place for teens to gather and skateboard. How a skateboard park uses its given space determines how successful a skateboard park is at attracting teens. Parks must be easily accessible and must include the appropriate facilities. To attract skateboarders, however, designers must create a park that simulates the city environment in which teens prefer, but are not aloud to, skate. By creating this type of "unplanned" space, more teens will be attracted to the vibe of the skate park.

In summary
Space can be used to produce different effects. Designers must use the space provided to articulate style, class, and perceptions. A successful designer can use virtually any space to produce a desired outcome.

 
Schools to consider:
Southern Technical College
Locations:
  • Fort Myers, FL
Programs available:
Berkeley College
Locations:
  • Paramus, NJ
  • Little Falls, NJ
Visual College of Art and Design
Locations:
  • Vancouver, BC
Programs available:
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